Mentioned in Vedas and found in the records of Indus Valley Civilization (3300–1300 B.C.E.), the Indian saree is the oldest form of garment in the world which is still in existence even after more than 5000 years. Although being so ancient form of clothing its demand and popularity has always been on all-time high. Be it on ramp or at leading fashion shows or on streets of rural and urban India it is worn by politicians, actresses and farmers alike. Let us explore some interesting tales behind different sarees in India.
- Paithani Saree – Maharashtra
It is named after the town of its inception i.e. Paithan. A saying that goes with the Paithani sarees is that they are “hand woven poems in gold & silk”. The craft of weaving the sari was invented in 200 B.C. and flourished during the Satvahana era. These sarees symbolise intellectually refined elites.
- Chanderi Saree- Madhya Pradesh
Chanderi saree also got its name from the town where it is made i.e. Chanderi town in Ashoknagar district of MP. It was the favoured fabric of Indian royal women because of its soft, light texture and transparency and remains so even today. Weaving a handwoven Chanderi saree takes over 3 days or sometimes more, depending on the complexity of the design.
- Kanchipuram Sarees- Tamil Nadu
Kanchipuram is a type of silk made in Tamil Nadu and the sarees made from this silk are known as Kanchipuram Sarees. They are also known as Kanjeevaram Sarees. Distinguished by their wide contrast borders these sarees are worn on special occasions and festivities. In many of these sarees the rich woven pallu shows the painting of Raja Ravi Verma or the epics of Mahabharata & Ramayana. These sarees have been recognized as Geographical Indication (GI) by Government Of India in the year 2005-06.
- Muga Silk Saree – Assam
These sarees outlast the owner. Yes! you heard it right about the Muga Silk sarees. Once reserved only for royalty, this durable silk has a natural yellow tint in it. Although given GI tag in 2007 the Muga Silk sarees are known to be in existence since the rule of Ahom dynasty (1228-1826). And one Muga silk saree roughly takes 2 months to get completed, from rearing the silkworm to obtaining the finished product.
- Jamdani Saree- Bengal
Considered to be Bengali Bride’s Wedding trousseau, it is typically woven with a mixture of cotton & gold thread. Historically Jamdani was known as Muslin. It is considered one of the most time consuming and labour-intensive handloom weaving. In 2013, the traditional art of weaving jamdani was declared a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
And these are the tales of just 5 sarees and many more have to be read. Although different in look, appearance, weaving technique, designs and motifs this piece of clothing binds the whole of India into one. And for adding into your collection such genuine & rich sarees from different states of India do visit Naarangi Crafts.